The purpose of Milk is to grow up in your salvation. It is not intended for the spiritually mature, but for newborn babies. It is necessary for them, and should not be skipped.
They will not understand the meat, and it may not benefit them until they have drunk the “pure spiritual milk”.
In fact, though by this time you ought to be teachers, you need someone to teach you the elementary truths of God's word all over again. You need milk, not solid food! Anyone who lives on milk, being still an infant, is not acquainted with the teaching about righteousness.
(Whole Chapter: Hebrews 5 In context: Hebrews 5:12-14)
What is the the teaching about righteousness? Let’s just continue reading and see how the Bible author explains it.
Warning Against Falling Away
11We have much to say about this, but it is hard to explain because you are slow to learn. 12In fact, though by this time you ought to be teachers, you need someone to teach you the elementary truths of God's word all over again. You need milk, not solid food! 13Anyone who lives on milk, being still an infant, is not acquainted with the teaching about righteousness. 14But solid food is for the mature, who by constant use have trained themselves to distinguish good from evil.
So we know that it has to do with discernment: Discernment about what in particular? Let’s read on.
1Therefore let us leave the elementary teachings about Christ and go on to maturity, not laying again the foundation of repentance from acts that lead to death, and of faith in God, 2instruction about baptisms, the laying on of hands, the resurrection of the dead, and eternal judgment. 3And God permitting, we will do so.
4It is impossible for those who have once been enlightened, who have tasted the heavenly gift, who have shared in the Holy Spirit, 5who have tasted the goodness of the word of God and the powers of the coming age, 6if they fall away, to be brought back to repentance, because to their loss they are crucifying the Son of God all over again and subjecting him to public disgrace.
7Land that drinks in the rain often falling on it and that produces a crop useful to those for whom it is farmed receives the blessing of God. 8But land that produces thorns and thistles is worthless and is in danger of being cursed. In the end it will be burned.
9Even though we speak like this, dear friends, we are confident of better things in your case--things that accompany salvation. 10God is not unjust; he will not forget your work and the love you have shown him as you have helped his people and continue to help them. 11We want each of you to show this same diligence to the very end, in order to make your hope sure. 12We do not want you to become lazy, but to imitate those who through faith and patience inherit what has been promised.
After clicking the above link and reading about repentance from acts that lead to death, it becomes clear what the purpose of distinguishing good from evil is. He tells us how not to live, and what will happen if we live that way. He goes on to warn about some examples of those who have/are falling away. The teaching about righteousness is the warning against sinning your way into apostasy. There are 72 passages of scripture on this topic of the conditions of continuing in salvation in the New Testament alone devoted to this topic. This is a huge chunk of the New Testament itself. It is foundational milk, apostolic teaching, and ignored in most Western churches today.
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