Christís sacrifice in the Law

 

 

 

From these scriptures and all the information below, I draw the tenuous conclusion that the sacrificial system only postponed Godís judgment of the sins of Israel every yearóuntil the law was completed in the heavenly sanctuary by God Himself:Dying in our place.

 

Rom 10:4

4††††††††† Christ is the end of the law so that there may be righteousness for everyone who believes.(NIV)

 

 

Christ fulfills the law (Matt 5:17)

 

 

Hebrews 9


Worship in the Earthly Tabernacle

1Now the first covenant had regulations for worship and also an earthly sanctuary. 2A tabernacle was set up. In its first room were the lampstand, the table and the consecrated bread; this was called the
Holy Place. 3Behind the second curtain was a room called the Most Holy Place, 4which had the golden altar of incense and the gold-covered ark of the covenant. This ark contained the gold jar of manna, Aaron's staff that had budded, and the stone tablets of the covenant. 5Above the ark were the cherubim of the Glory, overshadowing the atonement cover.[1] But we cannot discuss these things in detail now.
6When everything had been arranged like this, the priests entered regularly into the outer room to carry on their ministry. 7But only the high priest entered the inner room, and that only once a year, and never without blood, which he offered for himself and for the sins the people had committed in ignorance. 8The Holy Spirit was showing by this that the way into the
Most Holy Place had not yet been disclosed as long as the first tabernacle was still standing. 9This is an illustration for the present time, indicating that the gifts and sacrifices being offered were not able to clear the conscience of the worshiper. 10They are only a matter of food and drink and various ceremonial washings--external regulations applying until the time of the new order.

The Blood of Christ

11When Christ came as high priest of the good things that are already here,[2] he went through the greater and more perfect tabernacle that is not man-made, that is to say, not a part of this creation. 12He did not enter by means of the blood of goats and calves; but he entered the Most Holy Place once for all by his own blood, having obtained eternal redemption. 13The blood of goats and bulls and the ashes of a heifer sprinkled on those who are ceremonially unclean sanctify them so that they are outwardly clean. 14How much more, then, will the blood of Christ, who through the eternal Spirit offered himself unblemished to God, cleanse our consciences from acts that lead to death,[3] so that we may serve the living God!
15For this reason Christ is the mediator of a new covenant, that those who are called may receive the promised eternal inheritance--now that he has died as a ransom to set them free from the sins committed under the first covenant.
16In the case of a will,[4] it is necessary to prove the death of the one who made it, 17because a will is in force only when somebody has died; it never takes effect while the one who made it is living. 18This is why even the first covenant was not put into effect without blood. 19When Moses had proclaimed every commandment of the law to all the people, he took the blood of calves, together with water, scarlet wool and branches of hyssop, and sprinkled the scroll and all the people. 20He said, "This is the blood of the covenant, which God has commanded you to keep."[5] 21In the same way, he sprinkled with the blood both the tabernacle and everything used in its ceremonies. 22In fact, the law requires that nearly everything be cleansed with blood, and without the shedding of blood there is no forgiveness.
23It was necessary, then, for the copies of the heavenly things to be purified with these sacrifices, but the heavenly things themselves with better sacrifices than these. 24For Christ did not enter a man-made sanctuary that was only a copy of the true one; he entered heaven itself, now to appear for us in God's presence. 25Nor did he enter heaven to offer himself again and again, the way the high priest enters the Most Holy Place every year with blood that is not his own. 26Then Christ would have had to suffer many times since the creation of the world. But now he has appeared once for all at the end of the ages to do away with sin by the sacrifice of himself. 27Just as man is destined to die once, and after that to face judgment, 28so Christ was sacrificed once to take away the sins of many people;

 

Lev 5:12-19

12†††††††† He is to bring it to the priest, who shall take a handful of it as a memorial portion and burn it on the altar on top of the offerings made to the LORD by fire. It is a sin offering.

13†††††††† In this way the priest will make atonement for him for any of these sins he has committed, and he will be forgiven. The rest of the offering will belong to the priest, as in the case of the grain offering.'"

14†††††††† The LORD said to Moses:

15†††††††† "When a person commits a violation and sins unintentionally in regard to any of the LORD's holy things, he is to bring to the LORD as a penalty a ram from the flock, one without defect and of the proper value in silver, according to the sanctuary shekel. It is a guilt offering.

16†††††††† He must make restitution for what he has failed to do in regard to the holy things, add a fifth of the value to that and give it all to the priest, who will make atonement for him with the ram as a guilt offering, and he will be forgiven.

17†††††††† "If a person sins and does what is forbidden in any of the LORD's commands, even though he does not know it, he is guilty and will be held responsible.

18†††††††† He is to bring to the priest as a guilt offering a ram from the flock, one without defect and of the proper value. In this way the priest will make atonement for him for the wrong he has committed unintentionally, and he will be forgiven.

19†††††††† It is a guilt offering; he has been guilty of wrongdoing against the LORD."

(NIV)

 

forgiven-

5545calach (saw-lakh');

a primitive root; to forgive:

KJV-- forgive, pardon, spare.

 

 

Lev 6:1-7

1††††††††† The LORD said to Moses:

2††††††††† "If anyone sins and is unfaithful to the LORD by deceiving his neighbor about something entrusted to him or left in his care or stolen, or if he cheats him,

3††††††††† or if he finds lost property and lies about it, or if he swears falsely, or if he commits any such sin that people may do--

4††††††††† when he thus sins and becomes guilty, he must return what he has stolen or taken by extortion, or what was entrusted to him, or the lost property he found,

5††††††††† or whatever it was he swore falsely about. He must make restitution in full, add a fifth of the value to it and give it all to the owner on the day he presents his guilt offering.

6††††††††† And as a penalty he must bring to the priest, that is, to the LORD, his guilt offering, a ram from the flock, one without defect and of the proper value.

7††††††††† In this way the priest will make atonement for him before the LORD, and he will be forgiven for any of these things he did that made him guilty."

(NIV)

 

Lev 16:29-34

29†††††††† "This is to be a lasting ordinance for you: On the tenth day of the seventh month you must deny yourselves and not do any work-- whether native-born or an alien living among you--

30†††††††† because on this day atonement will be made for you, to cleanse you. Then, before the LORD, you will be clean from all your sins.

31†††††††† It is a sabbath of rest, and you must deny yourselves; it is a lasting ordinance.

32†††††††† The priest who is anointed and ordained to succeed his father as high priest is to make atonement. He is to put on the sacred linen garments

33†††††††† and make atonement for the Most Holy Place, for the Tent of Meeting and the altar, and for the priests and all the people of the community.

34†††††††† "This is to be a lasting ordinance for you: Atonement is to be made once a year for all the sins of the Israelites." And it was done, as the LORD commanded Moses.

(NIV)

 

atonement-

3722kaphar (kaw-far');

a primitive root; to cover (specifically with bitumen); figuratively, to expiate or condone, to placate or cancel:

KJV-- appease, make (an atonement, cleanse, disannul, forgive, be merciful, pacify, pardon, purge (away), put off, (make) reconcile (-liation).

 

Cleanse-

2891taher (taw-hare');

a primitive root; properly, to be bright; i.e. (by implication) to be pure (physical sound, clear, unadulterated; Levitically, uncontaminated; morally, innocent or holy):

KJV-- be (make, makeself, pronounce) clean, cleanse (self), purge, purify (-ierself,).

2891taher (taw-hare');

a primitive root; properly, to be bright; i.e. (by implication) to be pure (physical sound, clear, unadulterated; Levitically, uncontaminated; morally, innocent or holy):

KJV-- be (make, makeself, pronounce) clean, cleanse (self), purge, purify (-ierself,).

 

All-

3605kol (kole);

or (Jer. 33:8) kowl (kole); from 3634; properly, the whole; hence, all, any or every (in the singular only, but often in a plural sense):

KJV-- (in) all (manner, [ye]), altogether, any (manner), enough, every (one, place, thing), howsoever, as many as, [no-] thing, ought, whatsoever, (the) whole, whoso (-ever).

3605kol (kole);

or (Jer. 33:8) kowl (kole); from 3634; properly, the whole; hence, all, any or every (in the singular only, but often in a plural sense):

KJV-- (in) all (manner, [ye]), altogether, any (manner), enough, every (one, place, thing), howsoever, as many as, [no-] thing, ought, whatsoever, (the) whole, whoso (-ever).

 

 

Sins-

2403chatta'ah (khat-taw-aw');

or chatta'th (khat-tawth'); from 2398; an offence (sometimes habitual sinfulness), and its penalty, occasion, sacrifice, or expiation; also (concretely) an offender:

KJV-- punishment (of sin), purifying (-fication for sin), sin (-ner, offering).

 

Nelson's Illustrated Bible Dictionary describes what this Hebrew word ďAtonementĒ means in light of New Testament writings:

 

ATONEMENT

††††††††††† The act by which God restores a relationship of harmony and unity between Himself and human beings. The word can be broken into three parts which express this great truth in simple but profound terms: "at-one-ment." Through God's atoning grace and forgiveness, we are reinstated to a relationship of at-one-ment with God, in spite of our sin.

††††††††††† Human Need. Because of Adam's sin <Rom. 5:18; 1 Cor. 15:22> and our own personal sins <Col. 1:21>, no person is worthy of relationship with a Holy God <Eccl. 7:20; Rom. 3:23>. Since we are helpless to correct this situation <Prov. 20:9> and can do nothing to hide our sin from God <Heb. 4:13>, we all stand condemned by sin <Rom. 3:19>. It is human nature (our sinfulness) and God's nature (His holy wrath against sin) which makes us "enemies" <Rom. 5:10>.

††††††††††† God's Gift: Atonement. God's gracious response to the helplessness of His chosen people, the nation of Israel, was to give them a means of RECONCILIATION through Old Testament covenant Law. This came in the sacrificial system where the death, or "blood" of the animal was accepted by God as a substitute for the death <Ezek. 18:20> which the sinner deserved: "For the life of the flesh is in the blood, and I have given it to you upon the altar to make atonement for your souls" <Lev. 17:11>.

††††††††††† The Law required that the sacrificial victims must be free from defect, and buying them always involved some cost to the sinner. But an animal's death did not automatically make people right with God in some simple, mechanical way. The hostility between God and man because of sin is a personal matter. God for His part personally gave the means of atonement in the sacrificial system; men and women for their part personally are expected to recognize the seriousness of their sin <Lev. 16:29-30; Mic. 6:6-8>. They must also identify themselves personally with the victim that dies: "Then he shall put his hand on the head of the burnt offering, and it will be accepted on his behalf to make atonement for him" <Lev. 1:4>.

††††††††††† In the Old Testament, God Himself brought about atonement by graciously providing the appointed sacrifices. The priests represented Him in the atonement ritual, and the sinner received the benefits of being reconciled to God in forgiveness and harmony.

††††††††††† Although Old Testament believers were truly forgiven and received genuine atonement through animal sacrifice, the New Testament clearly states that during the Old Testament period God's justice was not served: "For it is not possible that the blood of bulls and goats could take away sins" <Heb. 10:4>. Atonement was possible "because in His forbearance God had passed over the sins that were previously committed" <Rom. 3:25>. However, God's justice was served in the death of Jesus Christ as a substitute who "not with the blood of goats and calves, but with His own blood He entered the Most Holy Place once for all, having obtained eternal redemption" <Heb. 9:12>. "And for this reason He is the Mediator of the new covenant" <Heb. 9:15>.

††††††††††† Our Response. The Lord Jesus came according to God's will <Acts 2:23; 1 Pet. 1:20> "to give His life a ransom for many" <Mark 10:45>, or "for all" <1 Tim. 2:6>. Though God "laid on Him the iniquity of us all" <Is. 53:6>; (also <2 Cor. 5:21; Gal. 3:13>), yet Christ "has loved us and given Himself for us, an offering and a sacrifice to God" <Eph. 5:2>, so that those who believe in Him <Rom. 3:22> might receive atonement and "be saved from [God's] wrath" <Rom. 5:9> through "the precious blood of Christ" <1 Pet. 1:19>.

††††††††††† No believer who truly understands the awesome holiness of God's wrath and the terrible hopelessness that comes from personal sin can fail to be overwhelmed by the deep love of Jesus for each of us, and the wonder of God's gracious gift of eternal atonement through Christ. Through Jesus, God will present us "faultless before the presence of His glory with exceeding joy" <Jude 24>.

(from Nelson's Illustrated Bible Dictionary)

(Copyright (C) 1986, Thomas Nelson Publishers)

 

 

Passed over

 

"because in His forbearance God had passed over the sins that were previously committed" <Rom. 3:25>.

 

From this scripture and all the information above, I draw the tenuous conclusion that the sacrificial system only postponed Godís judgment of the sins of Israel every year.


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