1 Cor 11:
The Lord's Supper
17In the following directives I have no praise for you, for your meetings do more harm than good. 18In the first place, I hear that when you come together as a church, there are divisions among you, and to some extent I believe it. 19No doubt there have to be differences among you to show which of you have God's approval. 20When you come together, it is not the Lord's Supper you eat, 21for as you eat, each of you goes ahead without waiting for anybody else. One remains hungry, another gets drunk. 22Don't you have homes to eat and drink in? Or do you despise the
23For I received from the Lord what I also passed on to you: The Lord Jesus, on the night he was betrayed, took bread, 24and when he had given thanks, he broke it and said, "This is my body, which is for you; do this in remembrance of me." 25In the same way, after supper he took the cup, saying, "This cup is the new covenant in my blood; do this, whenever you drink it, in remembrance of me." 26For whenever you eat this bread and drink this cup, you proclaim the Lord's death until he comes.
27Therefore, whoever eats the bread or drinks the cup of the Lord in an unworthy manner will be guilty of sinning against the body and blood of the Lord. 28A man ought to examine himself before he eats of the bread and drinks of the cup. 29For anyone who eats and drinks without recognizing the body of the Lord eats and drinks judgment on himself. 30That is why many among you are weak and sick, and a number of you have fallen asleep. 31But if we judged ourselves, we would not come under judgment. 32When we are judged by the Lord, we are being disciplined so that we will not be condemned with the world.
33So then, my brothers, when you come together to eat, wait for each other. 34If anyone is hungry, he should eat at home, so that when you meet together it may not result in judgment.
And when I come I will give further directions.
Here are other translations of the verse I’d like to focus on.
1Co (KJV) For he that eateth and drinketh unworthily, eateth and drinketh damnation to himself, not discerning the Lord's body.
1Co (BBE) For a man puts himself in danger, if he takes part in the holy meal without being conscious that it is the Lord's body.
1Co (MKJV) For he who eats and drinks unworthily eats and drinks condemnation to himself, not discerning the Lord's body.
1Co (MNT) For whoever eats and drinks without discerning the body, eats and drinks condemnation to himself.
1Co (NKJV) For he who eats and drinks in an unworthy manner eats and drinks judgment to himself, not discerning the Lord's body.
1Co 11:29 (RSV) For any one who eats and drinks without discerning the body eats and drinks judgment upon himself.
1Co (TCNT) For the man who eats and drinks brings a judgement upon himself by his eating and drinking, when he does not discern the body.
1Co (WEB) For he who eats and drinks in an unworthy manner eats and drinks judgment to himself, if he doesn't discern the Lord's body.
1Co (WNT) For any one who eats and drinks, eats and drinks judgement to himself, if he fails to estimate the body aright.
1Co (YLT) for he who is eating and drinking unworthily, judgment to himself he doth eat and drink--not discerning the body of the Lord.
What are we in danger of failing to estimate? Estimation has to do with measuring. What are we supposed to measure? The previous verse tells us;
1Co (KJV) But let a man examine himself, and so let him eat of [that] bread, and drink of [that] cup.
1Co (BBE) But let no man take of the bread and the cup without testing himself.
1Co (MKJV) But let a man examine himself, and so let him eat of [that] bread and drink of that cup.
1Co (MNT) Let each man scrutinize himself, and thus let him eat of the bread and drink of the cup.
1Co (NKJV) But let a man examine himself, and so let him eat of the bread and drink of the cup.
1Co (RSV) Let a man examine himself, and so eat of the bread and drink of the cup.
1Co (TCNT) Let each man look into his own heart, and only then eat of the bread and drink from the cup.
1Co (WEB) But let a man examine himself, and so let him eat of the bread, and drink of the cup.
1Co (WNT) But let a man examine himself, and, having done that, then let him eat the bread and drink from the cup.
1Co (YLT) and let a man be proving himself, and so of the bread let him eat, and of the cup let him drink;
This phrase is also used in other places:
2 Corinthians 13
5Examine yourselves to see whether you are in the faith; test yourselves. Do you not realize that Christ Jesus is in you--unless, of course, you fail the test?
Ga 6:4 But let every man prove his own work, and then shall he have rejoicing in himself alone, and not in another.
So the purpose of this examination is to discern the body of Christ—specifically to see if He is really in you or not.
Is this command to discern the body completely individualistic? Notice how Paul was correcting their habit of failing to discern the body of Christ collective: the Church.
19No doubt there have to
be differences among you to show which of you have God's approval. 20When
you come together, it is not the Lord's Supper you eat, 21for as you
eat, each of you goes ahead without waiting for anybody else. One remains
hungry, another gets drunk. 22Don't you have homes to eat and drink
in? Or do you despise the
33So then, my brothers, when you come together to eat, wait for each other. 34If anyone is hungry, he should eat at home, so that when you meet together it may not result in judgment.
“Those who have nothing” are also part of the body of Christ—and those who had food were not sharing with those who went hungry. This was a wicked derivation from the apostolic tradition of Church life.
43Everyone was filled with awe, and many wonders and miraculous signs were done by the apostles. 44All the believers were together and had everything in common. 45Selling their possessions and goods, they gave to anyone as he had need.
The Choosing of the Seven
1In those days when the number of disciples was increasing, the Grecian Jews among them complained against the Hebraic Jews because their widows were being overlooked in the daily distribution of food. 2So the Twelve gathered all the disciples together and said, "It would not be right for us to neglect the ministry of the word of God in order to wait on tables. 3Brothers, choose seven men from among you who are known to be full of the Spirit and wisdom. We will turn this responsibility over to them 4and will give our attention to prayer and the ministry of the word."
5This proposal pleased the whole group.
The Corinthians failed to properly discern the body of Christ collectively. They did not see to it that their possessions were shared according to need. They also did not have everything in common. If someone really belongs to Christ, then your stuff is theirs and their stuff is yours, according to need: It all belongs to Christ right? Now that is a scary thought when you look at the lack of Christian stewardship today. However, obedience to God’s stewardship commands is a characteristic of a true believer. For a scriptural explanation of that statement, please read my document entitled, “New Age Prosperity Gospel”.
However, in the case of false brother, collective ownership is warned against:
Collective ownership sounds crazy (if a brother could be lazy), but we are rescued from stupidity by collectively following God’s laws. Discerning the body on this issue is quite clear. Chipping in is part of being a true brother in the Lord:
It is clear that we are to treat believers and unbelievers differently. Therefore we must properly discern the body, and make a right judgement. We are far more obligated to our brothers and sisters in the Lord, than to someone who fails the test (2 Corinthians 13:5).
1 Timothy 5:3
3Give proper recognition
to those widows who are really in need. 4But if a widow has children
or grandchildren, these should learn first of all to put their religion into
practice by caring for their own family and so repaying their parents and
grandparents, for this is pleasing to God. 5The widow who is really
in need and left all alone puts her hope in God and continues night and day to
pray and to ask God for help. 6But the widow who lives for pleasure
is dead even while she lives. 7Give the people these instructions,
too, so that no one may be open to blame. 8If anyone does not
provide for his relatives, and especially for his immediate family, he has
denied the faith and is worse than an unbeliever.
9No widow may be put on the list of widows unless she is over sixty, has been faithful to her husband, 10and is well known for her good deeds, such as bringing up children, showing hospitality, washing the feet of the saints, helping those in trouble and devoting herself to all kinds of good deeds.
11As for younger widows, do not put them on such a list. For when their sensual desires overcome their dedication to Christ, they want to marry. 12Thus they bring judgment on themselves, because they have broken their first pledge. 13Besides, they get into the habit of being idle and going about from house to house. And not only do they become idlers, but also gossips and busybodies, saying things they ought not to. 14So I counsel younger widows to marry, to have children, to manage their homes and to give the enemy no opportunity for slander. 15Some have in fact already turned away to follow Satan.
16If any woman who is a believer has widows in her family, she should help them and not let the church be burdened with them, so that the church can help those widows who are really in need.
Also, we should probably not strike believers blind:
6They traveled through the
whole island until they came to Paphos. There they met a Jewish sorcerer and
false prophet named Bar-Jesus, 7who was an attendant of the
proconsul, Sergius Paulus. The proconsul, an intelligent man, sent for Barnabas
and Saul because he wanted to hear the word of God. 8But Elymas the
sorcerer (for that is what his name means) opposed them and tried to turn the
proconsul from the faith. 9Then Saul, who was also called Paul,
filled with the Holy Spirit, looked straight at Elymas and said, 10"You
are a child of the devil and an enemy of everything that is right! You are full
of all kinds of deceit and trickery. Will you never stop perverting the right
ways of the Lord? 11Now the hand of the Lord is against you. You are
going to be blind, and for a time you will be unable to see the light of the
12Immediately mist and darkness came over him, and he groped about, seeking someone to lead him by the hand. When the proconsul saw what had happened, he believed, for he was amazed at the teaching about the Lord.
There are at least 8 reasons why it is important to discern the body of Christ. The first one is mentioned in the passage above. We are warned in 1 Cor 11:30 that failing to properly discern the body of Christ lead to weakness, sickness, and death. This seems severe, but if you disobey all 8 of the items below, don’t you think you would bring curses on yourself?
We also must be able to discern the body in order to obey God’s following commands:
Is it impossible to know if someone else is a brother or not? I hope it is possible. Otherwise, there is no way for me obey the 7 commands above. Dan Corner points out what we can know about other people’s spiritual state at http://www.evangelicaloutreach.org/assure.htm.
In one paragraph on http://www.evangelicaloutreach.org/assure2.htm,
Dan writes against the concept of lifestyle
sinning, a concept that I happen to believe in. However, there is no point in me
re-writing this fine article that answers the above question well: How can I discern the body of Christ in
me and others? How can I know
whether someone is a brother or not?
In one paragraph on http://www.evangelicaloutreach.org/assure2.htm, Dan writes against the concept of lifestyle sinning, a concept that I happen to believe in. However, there is no point in me re-writing this fine article that answers the above question well: How can I discern the body of Christ in me and others? How can I know whether someone is a brother or not?
I am pasting this portion of http://www.evangelicaloutreach.org/assure.htm below since the rest of the article would be redundant for those who are already familiar with the scriptural responses to OSAS arguments concerning salvation assurance.
We can know who knows God and who doesn't:
We know that we have come to know him if we obey his commands. The man who says, "I know him," but does not do what he commands is a liar, and the truth is not in him. But if anyone obeys his word, God's love is truly made complete in him. This is how we know we are in him (2:3-5, NIV).
We can know who has been born again:
If you know that he is righteous, you know that everyone who does what is right has been born of him (, NIV).
We can know the children of God and the children of the devil by one's behavior:
This is how we know who the children of God are and who the children of the devil are: Anyone who does not do what is right is not a child of God; nor is anyone who does not love his brother (, NIV).
We can know we have passed from spiritual death to spiritual life by our love:
We know that we have passed from death to life, because we love our brothers. Anyone who does not love remains in death (, NIV).
We can know other people are not saved by the hatred they have:
Whoever hates his brother is a murderer, and you know that no murderer has eternal life abiding in him (, NKJV).
We can know we belong to the truth by helping our Christian brothers materially, if they are in need. This shows God's love in us:
If anyone has material possessions and sees his brother in need but has no pity on him, how can the love of God be in him? Dear children, let us not love with words or tongue but with actions and in truth. This then is how we know that we belong to the truth, and how we set our hearts at rest in his presence (-19, NIV).
Please note, according to the Apostle John, we can know another person is unsaved by his behavior with as much assurance as we can know we are presently saved, because we are believing on Jesus! Love and general obedience (or hatred and general disobedience) to God are the checkpoints for such cited by this true grace teacher in his epistle.
Regarding knowing another's spiritual family, Paul knew Elymas was a child of the devil (Acts ) and Peter knew Simon's heart was not right before God at a future point in time after he believed (Acts ). John also knew that Diotrephes was unsaved (3 Jn. 9-11).
So a “spiritual man” can “estimate” who is and is not his brother. “By their fruit” he can recognize them.
13 "Enter through the narrow gate. For wide is the gate and broad is the road that leads to destruction, and many enter through it.
14 But small is the gate and narrow the road that leads to life, and only a few find it.
15 "Watch out for false prophets. They come to you in sheep's clothing, but inwardly they are ferocious wolves.
16 By their fruit you will recognize them. Do people pick grapes from thornbushes, or figs from thistles?
17 Likewise every good tree bears good fruit, but a bad tree bears bad fruit.
18 A good tree cannot bear bad fruit, and a bad tree cannot bear good fruit.
19 Every tree that does not bear good fruit is cut down and thrown into the fire.
20 Thus, by their fruit you will recognize them.
21 "Not everyone who says to me, 'Lord, Lord,' will enter the kingdom of heaven, but only he who does the will of my Father who is in heaven.
22 Many will say to me on that day, 'Lord, Lord, did we not prophesy in your name, and in your name drive out demons and perform many miracles?'
23 Then I will tell them plainly, 'I never knew you. Away from me, you evildoers!'
Warning to Israel
16 At the end of seven days the word of the LORD came to me: 17 "Son of man, I have made you a watchman for the house of
20 "Again, when a righteous man turns from his righteousness and does evil, and I put a stumbling block before him, he will die. Since you did not warn him, he will die for his sin. The righteous things he did will not be remembered, and I will hold you accountable for his blood. 21 But if you do warn the righteous man not to sin and he does not sin, he will surely live because he took warning, and you will have saved yourself."
Obviously, true fellowship in the spirit can only occur between believers.
1 John 1
6If we claim to have fellowship with him yet walk in the darkness, we lie and do not live by the truth. 7But if we walk in the light, as he is in the light, we have fellowship with one another, and the blood of Jesus, his Son, purifies us from all sin.
8If we claim to be without sin, we deceive ourselves and the truth is not in us.
People who will not call their sin what it is are not struggling with sin. They are rationalizing it and denying God’s forgiveness. Verse 8 explains that the truth is not in them.
God only promises fellowship among those who walk in the light—calling on the blood of Jesus to forgive them and cleanse them of what the Bible calls sin. This passage tells us to carefully restore a brother who is struggling with a sin.
1Brothers, if someone is caught in a sin, you who are spiritual should restore him gently. But watch yourself, or you also may be tempted. 2Carry each other's burdens, and in this way you will fulfill the law of Christ. 3If anyone thinks he is something when he is nothing, he deceives himself. 4Each one should test his own actions. Then he can take pride in himself, without comparing himself to somebody else, 5for each one should carry his own load.
22Be merciful to those who doubt; 23snatch others from the fire and save them; to others show mercy, mixed with fear--hating even the clothing stained by corrupted flesh.
What was the fellowship like? Was it movies and pizza? Probably not—according to this document on secular media written by Kristine Firth.
You adulterous people, don't you know that friendship with the world is hatred toward God? Anyone who chooses to be a friend of the world becomes an enemy of God.
(Whole Chapter: James 4 In context: James 4:3-5)
Does that leave you no one to be with?
1 Corinthians 5
9I have written you in my letter not to associate with sexually immoral people-- 10not at all meaning the people of this world who are immoral, or the greedy and swindlers, or idolaters. In that case you would have to leave this world.
"And now your servant says, 'May the word of my lord the king bring me rest, for my lord the king is like an angel of God in discerning good and evil. May the LORD your God be with you.' "
(Whole Chapter: 2 Samuel 14 In context: 2 Samuel 14:16-18)
So give your servant a discerning heart to govern your people and to distinguish between right and wrong. For who is able to govern this great people of yours?"
(Whole Chapter: 1 Kings 3 In context: 1 Kings 3:8-10)
I will do what you have asked. I will give you a wise and discerning heart, so that there will never have been anyone like you, nor will there ever be.
(Whole Chapter: 1 Kings 3 In context: 1 Kings 3:11-13)
Wisdom reposes in the heart of the discerning and even among fools she lets herself be known. [ Hebrew; Septuagint and Syriac [ / but in the heart of fools she is not known ] ]
(Whole Chapter: Proverbs 14 In context: Proverbs 14:32-34)
Who is wise? He will realize these things. Who is discerning? He will understand them. The ways of the LORD are right; the righteous walk in them, but the rebellious stumble in them.
(Whole Chapter: Hosea 14 In context: Hosea 14:8-10)